After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century, the amphitheater was converted into a fortress, encircling houses and chapels. In the 19th century, the amphitheater was painted by Vincent Van Gogh, who spent many of his last years living in Arles. Today, the amphitheater is used for traditional bullfighting. Plays and concerts are also held at the venue. The Arles Amphitheatre is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with many other buildings in the city of Arles.